Chapter – Nutrition, Food Choices & Eating Behavior

  • Sensitive Periods And Factors In The Early Formation Of Food Preferences

    Eating behavior is a complex, essentially learned activity critical for development and survival. It can be broken down into several components: when, how, what and how much to eat. We will mainly describe in this chapter the important periods and factors associated with the development of “what” to eat, or in other words, food preferences and choice. Other aspects relevant to the early development [read more…]

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  • Metabolic Programming, Breastfeeding And Later Risk Of Obesity

    Nutritional sciences have found a new perspective of nutrition in recent years when it became clear that nutritional deficiencies may have long-term consequences even if treated and corrected in later life. Critical life periods were identified- like infancy and early childhood or the prenatal period where nutrition plays a special role producing a so called programming effect- long-term metabolic [read more…]

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  • Weaning Practices And Later Obesity

    In recent years many studies have correlated the nutrition of the first one thousand days of life to the development of non-communicable diseases and in particular to the development of obesity (1-4). This hypothesis therefore radically shifts the goals of dietary recommendations for six months old infants from promoting growth in the short term within the limits of the reference curves and preventing any nutritional deficiency [read more…]

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  • Role Of Nutrients In Promoting Adiposity Development  – available in Español spain

    The identification of risk factors is the key to prevention, however, until recently evidence on risk factors for childhood obesity was limited. The first studies were mainly cross sectional, and failed to identify associations between the child behaviour and the constitution of obesity. More recently, awareness is increasing for the importance of the environment in early life. The early adiposity rebound recorded in most obese subjects [read more…]

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  • Taste and Obesity  – available in Español spain in Français spain and in Português portugal

    Understanding the links between taste perception and obesity would help authorities cope with obesity, which diminishes the health of human populations. This has been highlighted by a study of the impact of programs intended to educate obese adolescents about healthy diets (Pasquet et al., 2007)1. We present and discuss the results of this study in this chapter. [read more…]

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  • Meaning And Assessment Of Satiety In Childhood  – available in Español spain and in Português portugal

    Subjective experience of appetite and learnt preferences for foods are important determinants of food choice and intake in children impacting upon what is eaten, how much and when. All of these drive consumption and potentially lead to excessive energy intake. While the operation of appetite can be considered asymmetrical, in that it defends against energy deficit rather than energy excess [read more…]

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  • To Binge Or Not To Binge?  – available in Español spain

    Binge eating is the most common type of disordered eating behavior among obese children and adolescents. Because of its association with elevated levels of psychosocial distress, the experience of binge eating adds to the burden caused by obesity. In the current chapter, an overview will be provided of the conceptualization, prevalence, development and course of binge eating in obese youth. [read more…]

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